Earlier this week, on “Giving Tuesday,” many of us found our inboxes deluged with e-mails soliciting funds from every charitable organization we’ve ever donated to in the past decade. If you pledged an amount on Tuesday, or still have plans to donate this year, you want to act quickly so as not to miss the Dec. 31 deadline to get a tax receipt for 2020. Here are my top 10 charitable giving tax tips for 2020.
1. Give cash
Giving cash is straightforward and, as with any type of donation, entitles you to a donation receipt allowing you to claim federal and provincial non-refundable tax credits. On the federal side, you get a credit of 15 per cent for the first $200 of annual charitable donations. The federal credit rate jumps to 29 per cent for cumulative donations above $200 and donors benefit from a 33 per cent tax credit on donations to the extent that they have income subject to the 33 per cent top federal rate (over $214,368). Parallel provincial credits work similarly.
2. Put it on credit
Some donors like to put their donations, especially larger ones, on their credit card to earn points, which can later be redeemed for travel, merchandise or other rewards. I still recall a client meeting, nearly a decade ago, with a C-suite executive of a publicly-traded company based in Toronto. When I raised the topic of philanthropy, he boasted that he gave $100,000 annually to a major charity, putting the entire donation on his high-limit credit card. This gave him 100,000 points, which was enough to fly him, his wife and two kids to Florida for a “free” vacation. Value? Maybe $2,000. My advice? He should have donated the $100,000 using his appreciated company stock — had he done so, he would have saved nearly $15,000 in capital gains tax (based on his cost base) — which beats four tickets to Florida. (See #3)
3. Donate appreciated securities in-kind
In-kind donations of publicly-traded shares, mutual funds or segregated funds to a registered charity not only gives you a tax receipt equal to the fair market value (FMV) of the securities or funds being donated, but also allows you to avoid paying capital gains tax on any accrued gain.
4. Donate securities obtained through employee stock options
Similarly, if you’re an employee who has received stock options, you can avoid paying tax on the stock option benefit by donating the securities obtained from the option exercise to a charity within 30 days of exercise.
5. Donate depreciated securities
Own some energy stocks? 2020 has not been kind to the sector, which is down over 25 per cent year-to-date. If you have realized other capital gains earlier this year (perhaps on your information technology stocks), consider donating your losing shares to charity. You get a receipt for the fair market value of the shares being donated, but will also realize a capital loss on the donation, which can be used to offset the capital gains triggered in 2020. Any unused net capital loss can be carried back three years or carried forward indefinitely, to be applied against taxable capital gains in those years.
6. Donate RRSP/RRIF withdrawals
Each dollar withdrawn from an RRSP or RRIF is taxable in the year of withdrawal at your marginal tax rate. Donating your RRSP/RRIF withdrawal to charity can often result in a donation receipt worth more in tax credits than the tax you will face on that RRSP/RRIF withdrawal, effectively acting as a tax shield for other income, such as CPP or OAS.
7. Watch the limit!
While generally not a concern for most donors, the maximum charitable donation tax credit that you can claim cannot exceed 75 per cent of your net income for the tax year in which the gift is made. Any unused donation credits may be carried forward for five years (subject to the 75 per cent maximum in the year they are claimed.) While it may be rare to run up against the limit during your lifetime, it could happen in the year of death, where, if there’s not enough income in the terminal year or the prior year (where the limits are increased to 100 per cent), the donation receipt may be effectively wasted.
8. Pool your donations
You and your spouse or partner can combine your charitable donations, regardless of whose name appears on the donation receipt, and one of you can claim all the donations up to the allowed personal 75 per cent of income limit. This is also an easy way to avoid doubling up on the lower, $200 donation credit threshold.
9. Corporate donations
If you have a corporation, donations made by the corporation are tax deductible. When your privately-owned corporation makes a charitable gift of appreciated publicly-traded securities in-kind, there are actually three benefits: the corporation receives a tax deduction for the FMV of the shares donated, there’s no tax on the capital gain, and the amount of the tax-free capital gain realized is added to the company’s notional capital dividend account, allowing a tax-free capital dividend to be paid out subsequently to the shareholder.
10. Set up a donor-advised fund
Donor Advised Funds are an alternative to setting up your own private foundation. DAFs are useful if you’re not quite sure where to donate this year but still want your tax receipt for 2020. DAFs essentially piggyback on public foundations, such as community foundations or foundations established by some of the major financial institutions or investment management firms, allowing a donor to create a “mini-foundation” as a subset of the larger, public foundation.
The donor starts by making a gift of cash or appreciated securities to the DAF and gets an immediate donation receipt. The funds can grow inside the DAF tax-free and each year the donor can recommend distributions (typically a minimum of 3.5 per cent of the opening fair market value of their fund each year) to be made from the DAF to any of the 85,934 registered charities in Canada.
The biggest advantage of a DAF is that the donor doesn’t have to worry about any administrative details or record keeping. The foundation will process all donation requests and transfer the funds to the charities chosen, as well as track the DAF and provide the donor with regular updates on the fund’s performance. A DAF also provides confidentiality, as your individual DAF, and all its financial information, does not appear on the CRA’s public listing of charities.